Most state's have an elected recorder or a register of deeds. A Constitutional office, the county recorder's primary function is to maintain permanent public records submitted for recording. These records are the legal basis for determining ownership of real property. These documents, sometimes called instruments, include mortgages, deeds, liens, military discharges, subdivision plats, leases, public and private bonds, personal property, and powers of attorney.
Instruments are recorded either for giving legal public notice of their existence or for safekeeping and future reference.
It is the duty of the recorder to see that each instrument meets the essential requirements for recording. Each instrument must be scanned and indexed into a computer system and then microfilmed for archival purposes.
The county recorder prepares and furnishes official copies of any record or instruments when required by law or ordered by the court, or requested by any parties. And if requested the recorder certifies that it is a true and correct copy of the document in the records of the office.
The recorder may under IC 32-21-2-3 acknowledge any conveyance, mortgage or instrument of writing to be recorded.
The county recorder files Uniform Commercial Code financing statements that pertain to fixtures to the real property. They also conduct searches on names presented to them by a financial institution or company.
The recorder is a member of the county commission on public records, which has authority over the preservation of all public records maintained by the county.